C-03 Choice of data

Aspect C-03 Choice of data
Should generic (material specific) or product-specific data be used?

related study objective

stand-alone LCA comparative assertion

related study phase

goal and scope definition inventory analysis (LCI) impact assessment (LCIA) interpretation reporting

relevant for

new buildings existing buildings construction products screening LCA simplified LCA complete LCA
Provisions Recycling processes are always specific to a product or material. Thus the provisions in EN 15804 should be referred to. This aspect is likely to be predefined in every national EPD programme, and may be adopted within the context of the conducted LCA study.
Rules from:

EN 15804 End-of-life stage
6.3.6 Selection of data

6.3.8 Developing product scenarios
7.3 Scenarios and additional technical information
7.3.4 End of life
Current practice should be used for scenarios. Material-specific models for waste treatment may be relevant for particular materials, to take account of emissions or the amount of energy recovery. Also, public and commercial background LCA databases provide material-specific datasets that may be used.The default scenario should be based on actual achievement in current waste management practice, and not on what might happen in 50 years’ time. It is important to use average recovery rates based on the mix of recovery techniques used and not the best case, although additional scenarios can be used to illustrate the effect of the different waste management options that are available. Geographically, the default scenario may vary: for example, a waste may be more commonly landfilled in one Member State, used for energy recovery in another Member State, and recycled in another Member State. It may be advisable to use product-specific end-of-life datasets.

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