|Aspect||B-23 Operational energy calculation – Allocation of energy production for on-site systems connected to grid”|
||Current new buildings may not only be energy-efficient, but can also produce energy on site in multiple ways.The energy produced on site may not only be consumed inside the building, but can also be exported. When energy is produced on site by grid-connected systems (photovoltaic, wind turbines, boiler connected to heating grid etc.), how is this calculated? How are the impacts allocated for both product aspects (e.g. PV cells) and operational energy production?|
related study objective
|☒ stand-alone LCA||☒ comparative assertion|
related study phase
|goal and scope definition||inventory analysis (LCI)||impact assessment (LCIA)||interpretation||reporting|
|new buildings||existing buildings||construction products||screening LCA||simplified LCA||complete LCA|
|Provisions||The principles for the calculation of exported, imported and on-site energy production should be consistent with the provisions of EN 15978 (see especially reference cases, annex B).
The method for allocating environmental impact for product aspects and operational aspects should be consistent with the guidance in EN 15978.
220.127.116.11 Boundary of the operational energy use (Module B6)
8.6.5 Scenarios for operational energy use (Module B6)Annex B (informative) Exported energy – Case studiesILCD:
6.8.4 Time-related representativeness
||The methods for energy calculation should be consistent with the reference cases proposed in annex B of EN 15978.Supplementary recommendations are proposed for on-site energy-producing systems that are connected to the grid (case 3 of EN 15978), as follows.Boundaries for the calculation
The boundaries chosen for calculation of the energy demand should be consistent with those for calculation of the exported energy: if only building-related uses are included, the amount of energy that does not supply the uses considered should be considered as exported energy. Then two situations may be considered:
Timescale for the energy calculation
For simplified and complete LCA, an hourly scale should be used in order to take into account simultaneity between energy demand and the on-site energy production.
The annual exported energy, imported energy and on-site energy consumption for the considered energy carrier i may be calculated as follows:
Allocation of environmental data
Rules should be consistent with EN 15978 for both product and operational aspects.
For imported energy (Module B6) and exported energy (Module D) more representative environmental data should be used. For example. for electricity, hourly environmental data should be used in preference to monthly or annual average data. See the corresponding aspect ‘Dynamic LCA data for assessing the impact of electricity consumption’.